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Preliminary report:

Large superficial Acheulean/ Middle Palaeolithic site  in Bavaria

 

Within the project “Early man at the eastern and southern border of the Ries Crater" I could detect a rich superficial Acheulian/Middle Palaeolithic site in April 2005. With the locating of a Lower Palaeolithic handaxe 1962 (End of Riss, 150 000 minimum of age) nearby field researching could reckon to find more of the Riss-period. The broken handaxe is exhibited in the museum of Donauwörth. It has a deep red-brown patina.

 

 

 

 

The rich Lower/Middle Palaeolithic site is situated in a small geological island of Middle Kimmeridge. In the geological map of the region these are small blue circles within the brown-red carpets of Bunte Brekzie, results of the crash of the big meteorite. Perhaps a layer of eolic clay protected the site during the last glacial period which eroded later.

 

 

 

 

The grey-brown clay hill is up to 5 Meter above the valley of the river Wörnitz. Many Silex-nodules are eroded out of the displaced soil, they are the material for the artifacts.

 

 

 

The direction of the point follows the intention of the percussion. Deep-brown patina, “Clactonian”  percussion technique like in Luxor, Egypt, plain prepared striking platform,  weared surface, without secondary working.. Whether this is a tool (Pointed side-scraper) or only waste will be decided when we know more about the "handwriting" of the place

 

 

The blade-flake is like the point 9.5 cm long with a distinct bulb, the result of a hard strong hammer percussion.. Like the point the cortex is at the right side. The left side has a remarkable retouch, secondary working. It seems to be a scraper

 

 

 

The flat blade is without cortex and 8 cm long. On the ventral side we see the  "Clactonian-hammer-percussion" from a simple striking plattform., weared superficial side. The dorsal side is devided by a crest. The working edge is destroyed

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Another flat artifact is without cortex. The dorsal side has scars coming from all directions (Proto-Levallois).(Proto-Levallois-Technologie).

 

 

 

A clumsy, chiseled, broken core - dimension 11 - 11 - 6 cm -  was on one side prepared with  flat scars to produce a flake in the manner of proto-Levalloisian-technique. The archaic crude way of percussion was not only the result of intractable, cherty pieces of flint but of  cultural tradition.  Sometimes it looks like Middle Acheulian industry (Swanscombe).

 

 

 

There are also artifacts greater than 10 cm. We have 2 cores, top left a kind of proto-Levallois, one side is carefully prepared for a final percussion. Right the large scar is a negative of a blow perhaps to make a tool.

 

 

 

The bifacial hollow or side-scrapers without bulbs sometimes have opposite edges.

 

 

 

 

To this point we presented artifacts of Acheulian habitus. But within the assemblage we have artifacts which may characterize a younger period within Middle Palaeolithic. Right a depict of a Levallois core  -  a developed form unknown in Acheulean time.

 

 

 

A bipolar blade-core indicates a younger period than the Acheulean, altthough in England during Lower Palaeolithic blade cores exist sometimes.

 

 

 

A small thin "classic" Levallois-Point indicates also a younger period. To make a final decision we need more finds.

 

 

Nearby there are 3 other smaller sites of Acheulean industry.

 

 

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